Graduate Program in Balkan and Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology

ARHM008. Archaeology of Roman Moesia, Thrace and Macedonia. Ilian Boyanov

Online course, 30 hours, 3 credits


The culture of the Roman Empire  had a decisive role in the overall development of the ancient world. Within 30 academic hours, students will get acquainted with the archaeological aspects of ancient Roman architecture, painting and applied arts, economic contacts, and trade in Moesia, Thrace, and Macedonia. The main aim of the course is to offer a review of the most important archaeological artifacts and to shed light on various aspects of Roman culture. Study of the Roman provinces is important for a holistic understanding of Roman politics and culture.


The course focuses on the formation of Roman civilization and its stages of development.







An Introduction to Archeology of the Roman Provinces



Formation of the Roman Provinces of Moesia, Thrace and Macedonia



Living in the Roman Empire



Army and Society



Religious Life



Settlement System and Urbanization



The Problem of castra-canabae-vicus



Out-of-town Settlement Structures



Trade and Traders in the Provinces



Roman Pottery and Ceramic Production Centers



Roman Provincial art



Death and Burial



Final Discussion








Essential readings:


Bresson, A., P. Rouillard, 1993. L’emporion. Paris, 1993.


De Ligt, L. 1993. Fairs and Markets in the Roman Empire. Economic and SocialAspects of Periodic Trade in a Pre-Industrial Society. In: Dutch Monographs on AncientHistory and Archaeology, 11, Amsterdam, 1993.


Doruțiu-Boilă, E. 1968.ÜbereinigeStatthaltervonMoesiainferior. In: Dacia, XII, 1968, 395 – 408.

Horvat, J., B. Mušič 2007. Nauportus, a commercial settlement between the Adriatic and the Danube. In: M. Chiabà, P. Maggi, C. Magrini (eds.). Le VallidelNatisone e dell’ Isonzotra Centroeuropa e Adriatico (Studi e Ricerchesulla Gallia Cisalpina 20). Roma, 2007, 165 – 174.


Kaltschev, K. 1998. Das Befestigumgssystem von Augusta Traiana – Beroe (Heute Stara Zagora) im 2.-6. Jh. u. Z. In: Archaeologia Bulgarica, 2, 1998, кн. 3, 88-107.

Keppie, L. 2000. From legionary fortress to military colony. In: Legions and veterans. Roman Army Papers 1971 – 2000. Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 2000, 301 – 316.


Johnson, S. 1983. Late Roman Fortuifications. London: Batsford, 1983.

Lander, J. 1984. Roman Stone Fortifications. Variation and Change from the First Century A.D. to the Fourth. BAR Intern. Ser. 206, 1984.


Leunissen, P. 1989.Konsuln und Konsulare in der Zeit vonCommodus bis Severus Alexander (180–235 n. Chr.), Amsterdam1989.

MacMullen, R. 1970. Market-days in the Roman Empire. In: Phoenix, XXIV, 4, 1970, 333 – 341.


Mihailov, G. 1958.Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria Repertae: Vol. 2.: Inscriptiones inter danubium ethaemum repertae. София, БАН, 1958.


Mihailov, G. 1961. La fortification de la Thrace par Antoninus le Pieuxet Marc Aurele. In: StudiUrbinati, Nuovaserie, B, XXXV, № 1 – 2, Roma, 1961.


Mihailov, G. 1966. Inscriptiones graecae in Bulgaria repertae: Vol. 4. Inscriptiones in territorio Serdicensi et in vallibus Strymonis Nestique repertae. Serdicae, 1966.


Mihailov, G. 1997. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria Repertae: Vol. 5: Inscriptionesnovae. Addenda et corrigenda. Curaverunt Kr. Banev, M. Banev, K. Medarov. София, Рива, 1997.

Mocsy, A. 1953. Das Territorium Legionis und die Canabae in Pannonien. In: Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 3, 1953, 179 – 199.


Poulter, A. 1995. Nicopolis ad Istrum: A Roman, Late Roman and Early Byzantine City. In: Journal of Roman Studies, Monograph 8. London, 1995.


Ruscu, L. 2007. On Nicopolis ad Istrum and her territory. In: Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, Bd. 56, H. 2 (2007), p. 214-229.


Šašel Kos, M. 2010. The early urbanization of Noricum and Pannonia. In: Roma e le province del Danubio. Attidel I Convegno Internazionale, Ferrara-Cento 2009. Cento, 2010, 209 – 230.


Strobel, K. 2002. Die Ökonomie desImperium Romanum. Strukturen, Modelle und Wertungen im Spannungsfeld von Modernismus und Neoprimitivismus. Akten des 3. Trierer Symposiums zur Antiken Wirtschaftsgeschichte (Pharos 17), St. Katharinen 2002, 1-66.


Schulz,  A. 2002. Die Befestigungsanlage von Alexandreia Troas, in: Studien zum antikenKleinasien V (Asia Minor Studien 44), Bonn 2002, 33-58.


Thomasson, B. 1984. Laterculi Praesidum.Gothenburg, 1984.


Thomasson, B. 2009. Laterculi Praesidum. Vol.I, ex parteretractatum. Gothenburg,2009.


Todisco, E. 2011. I vici rurali nel paesaggio dell’Italia Romana. Bari, 2011.


Tsarov, I. 2005. The location of Emporium Piretensium. In: Archaeologia Bulgarica, IX, 2005, 1, 47 – 52.


Watkins, T. 1983. Roman Legionary Fortresses and the Cities of Modern Europe. In: Military Affairs, vol. 47, 1, 1983, 15 – 25.